The Church at Corinth had great potential, but its history was marked by dissension, confusion in theology, distortions in worship, and apathy in moral concerns. Therefore, it is a letter of extreme relevance for churches in our day and age. This is a unique letter with a writing style that is very personal, bold, at times sarcastic, and very defensive. It shares the concern, passion, intimate feelings and thoughts of an apostle who is defending his own apostleship and ministry in a church which he founded. Even a casual reading gives the impression of a man who is on his feet fighting a battle with his feelings and personal biases clearly involved. It reads almost like a man who expresses freely his feelings about himself and his ministry in a journal. Thus analysis of this letter is almost impossible. Try outlining it for yourself. Read with pencil in hand. That little strip of land joins the two parts of Greece together.
2 Corinthians 12 – The Strength of Grace in Weakness
That does not surprise us. That verse also mentions Timothy. So, the Christians in Corinth knew Timothy well. It is possible that Timothy wrote some of the letter.
MacArthur () gives a more detailed explanation for the dating of the second after he left Ephesus the most likely date for 2 Corinthians is late A.D. 55 or.
Remember Me. Even Christians that read their Bibles regularly probably could not tell you when any of the Epistles of Paul were written with any more accuracy than “some time in the middle of the 1 st Century. That ignorance did not prevent me from understanding and being blessed by what I read! Why then should I now worry at all about the precise dates the Epistles were written? I have come to realize that to thoroughly understand any of the Bible, you have to be able to understand the precise historical background in the mind of the writer and the recipients.
If this reason is true for the rest of the Bible, it is particulary true for 2 Corinthians, an epistle of Paul , that I will show, has been incorrectly dated for at least years, by every commentator I could find! Moreover, I believe a correct dating will revolutionize the way many of the passages in 2 Corinthians are understood! Believe me, I don’t take this position lightly! After all, who am I to throw up my puny opinions against the combined weight of all the learned commentators?
However, I have this advantage, the facts are on my side. For many years I unhesitatingly subscribed to the popular view that 2 Corinthians was written within a year, or two at most, of the First Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians and was written during the period, described in Acts , just after Paul left Ephesus and was travelling through Macedonia.
The consensus is that this was about AD.
Search This Site. Many verses of Scripture are used as “proof texts,” quoted as the confirmation of some doctrine or opinion without much attention to what the verse might mean in its own context or what the background of the idea might be from a cultural or historical perspective. For example, many Christians quote 2 Corinthians as the biblical command that Christians should not date or marry non-Christians. But is that really the intent of that verse?
Is this verse, ripped from its context within a letter to a church that is most likely suffering a crisis far more severe than questions of who to date or marry, really intending to impose yet another law governing social behavior?
For example, many Christians quote 2 Corinthians as the biblical command that Christians should not date or marry non-Christians. But is that really the.
The epistle is attributed to Paul the Apostle and a co-author named Timothy , and is addressed to the church in Corinth and Christians in the surrounding province of Achaea , in modern-day Greece. While there is little doubt among scholars that Paul is the author, there is discussion over whether the Epistle was originally one letter or composed from two or more of Paul’s letters.
Although the New Testament contains only two letters to the Corinthian church, the evidence from the letters themselves is that he wrote at least four and the church replied at least once:. The abrupt change of tone from being previously harmonious to bitterly reproachful in 2 Corinthians 10—13 has led many to speculate that chapters 10—13 form part of the “letter of tears” which were in some way tagged on to Paul’s main letter.
The seemingly sudden change of subject from chapter 7 to chapters 8—9 leads some scholars to conclude that chapters 8—9 were originally a separate letter, and some even consider the two chapters to have originally been distinct themselves. Other scholars dispute this claim, however. Some scholars also find fragments of the “warning letter”, or of other letters, in chapters 1—9,  for instance that part of the “warning letter” is preserved in 2 Cor —,  but these hypotheses are less popular.
Second Epistle to the Corinthians
Author: Paul, along with Timothy, as noted in 2 Corinthians Timothy may have been serving as Paul’s amanuensis , writing down words in a manner similar to that of a secretary. Audience: Paul wrote to Gentile Christians living in Corinth, sending this letter a few years after personally founding the church in that city. Paul had also written at least one other known previous letter to this church: the epistle of 1 Corinthians.
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At first, we will examine in details the events and the dating of what is commonly called Paul’s third journey. There are surprises here! If you get disoriented, don’t worry, I have a comprehensive recapitulation at the end of this page. Then, we will investigate the composition of the two canonical Paul’s epistles to the Corinthians: more surprises. Finally, I invite you to read each one of the letters which includes my own comments. Everything fits! Note: all dates are C.
Christian Era. Gallio was proconsul of Achaia Ac from the summer of 51 and for a period of less than one year.
2 Corinthians: a study guide
What does the Bible say about? So flee youthful passions and pursue righteousness, faith, love, and peace, along with those who call on the Lord from a pure heart. Do not be unequally yoked with unbelievers. For what partnership has righteousness with lawlessness? Or what fellowship has light with darkness? Love is patient and kind; love does not envy or boast; it is not arrogant or rude.
14 ESV / 2, helpful votes. Helpful Not Helpful. Do not be unequally yoked with unbelievers. For what partnership has righteousness with.
Mar 3, 2 Corinthians , Featured. This is one of those passages. It could get us a little ticked off. Let me see if we can make sense of this passage. And there are a lot of problems to choose from. And of course, things were a bit sensitive after the conflict. But underneath that problem is a deeper problem.
What is it? What does Paul mean? Paul goes a lot deeper. The problem is in here.
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Second Corinthians is one of the four letters of Paul known as the Hauptbriefe , which are universally accepted to contain authentic Pauline correspondence. Werner Georg Kummel would like to view the letter to be a whole composed by the apostle Paul on one occasion Introduction to the New Testament , pp. However, there are difficulties that have suggested to several commentators that 2 Corinthians has been compiled from several pieces of correspondence.
Since the “sorrowful letter” mentioned in does not describe 1 Corinthians, we know that Paul had written at least three letters to the Corinthians. A quite reasonable suggestion is that the last four chapters contain the “sorrowful letter” that is mentioned in
Growing up, the topic of dating, as a follower of Jesus, was always “do this not this”. There was never much talk or teaching around understanding how the.
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Robert O Gonzalez. These fellow workers can be found not only in other Pauline Epistles, but also in the historical narrative, the Book of Acts. Recipients The city of Corinth is mentioned for the first time in the Book of Acts chapter Though Gentiles were reached on previous missionary endeavors, it is here that Paul seems to truly becomes The Apostle to the Gentiles. Corinth was a metropolitan city and center of commerce with influences from throughout the known ancient world.
Additionally, it was the city where the temple of Aphrodite with its temple prostitutes was located. Because of these influences, Corinth was a polestar for everything immoral and depraved. Metzger and Coogan quote Richard E. Oster Jr. Being that Corinth was not only a center of commerce, but according to a quote from Dr.
2 Corinthians 7
Beginning the Journey for new Christians. Ralph F. The ancient city of Corinth showed signs of human habitation as far back as the Early Neolithic period. Its location was ideal, with an abundant water supply, only 1. The port of Cenchreae connected the city to the Aegean Sea to the east, while the port of Lechaeum was on the Ionian Sea. In , a canal was cut across the isthmus to accommodate shipping, but in the days of the early church, there was no such luxury.
To the church of God in Corinth, together with all his holy people throughout Achaia: 2 Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
It is doubtless not profitable for me to boast. I will come to visions and revelations of the Lord: I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago—whether in the body I do not know, or whether out of the body I do not know, God knows—such a one was caught up to the third heaven. And I know such a man—whether in the body or out of the body I do not know, God knows—how he was caught up into Paradise and heard inexpressible words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter.
Of such a one I will boast; yet of myself I will not boast, except in my infirmities. For though I might desire to boast, I will not be a fool; for I will speak the truth. But I refrain, lest anyone should think of me above what he sees me to be or hears from me. Paul is tired of writing about himself! Visions and revelation : Whether they concern angels, Jesus, heaven, or other things, these things are more common in the New Testament than we might think.
So we should not be surprised if God should speak to us through some type of visions and revelations of the Lord. But we do understand that such experiences are subjective and prone to misunderstanding and misapplication. In addition, whatever real benefits there are to visions and revelations of the Lord , they are almost always limited to the person who receives the visions and revelations.
We should be rather cautious when someone reports a vision or revelation they have regarding us. I am always suspicious.
Dating the New Testament
The Letters of First and Second Corinthians There is scholarly consensus that the letters of 1 and 2 Corinthians were written by Paul during his third missionary journey, which encompassed the years A. There is sufficient biographical information in both the letters to the Corinthians and in the book of Acts to allow these letters to be dated very accurately.
The sequence of events is described below: Paul visits Corinth for the first time and establishes a church there Acts Among his converts were Sosthenes, who is listed as a co-author of 1 Corinthians 1 Cor
Do not be unequally yoked with unbelievers. For what partnership has righteousness with lawlessness? Or what fellowship has light with darkness?
How do the lost letters to the church in Corinth impact the interpretation and exegesis of 2 Corinthians? This commentary on 2 Corinthians addresses the significant historical, theological, and interpretive issues of 2 Corinthians. Frederick W. This volume also includes a complete outline and comprehensive bibliography. He received his Ph.
2 Corinthians 4:16 — The Inward Man
There was never much talk or teaching around understanding how the gospel shapes our view of dating. I am certain that the question growing up for me was never asked, how the gospel shape my view of dating. How does the gospel shape our view of dating? Here are three forces at work in shaping our view. Our culture shapes our view on dating and relationships. Passion, lust, and selfishness rule in many lives.
2 Corinthians is made up of two different letters. One reason for this interest is that the letters were writ- ten at an early date; therefore, they throw considerable.
Do not be unequally yoked with unbelievers. For what partnership has righteousness with lawlessness? Or what fellowship has light with darkness? As a youth pastor this was a pretty common verse I pulled out of my repertoire. The logic was pretty sound. We should not be dating except for the purpose of marriage. When you marry someone you are united to them. You should not, according to 2 Corinthians , be married to an unbeliever provided that you are a believer at the time of your marriage.
Therefore, 2 Corinthians teaches that you should not date unbelievers. But is that really what Paul is teaching in this passage? A few questions. First, who are the unbelievers? We can come to those answers by considering the context. Looking at the context of 2 Corinthians it is clear that a discussion about marriage and dating is far from his mind.